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時間:2022-08-18 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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Economic Watch: China's CPI, PPI growth picks up pace amid rising costs******

A customer buys vegetables at a supermarket in Zaozhuang, east China's Shandong Province, Aug. 9, 2021. (Photo by Sun Zhongzhe/Xinhua)。

BEIJING, Nov. 10 (Xinhua) -- China's consumer price index (CPI), a main gauge of inflation, rose 1.5 percent year on year in October, data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed Wednesday.。

The figure was higher than the 0.7 percent year-on-year growth recorded in September.。

Specifically, non-food prices rose 2.4 percent from a year earlier, contributing about 1.97 percentage points to the CPI growth, said senior NBS statistician Dong Lijuan.。

Food prices dropped 2.4 percent, with the price of pork, a staple meat in China, slumping 44 percent. However, the price of fresh vegetables, which declined 2.5 percent in September, saw a 15.9 percent increase last month, said Dong.。

The NBS attributed October's CPI increase to unusual weather conditions, rising costs and supply-demand imbalance in some products.。

On a monthly basis, CPI increased 0.7 percent. Food prices increased 1.7 percent, while non-food prices rose 0.4 percent.。

The country has set its consumer inflation target at approximately 3 percent for the year 2021, according to this year's government work report.。

On the industrial side, China's factory prices continued to pick up last month due to global factors and a strained domestic supply of key energy and raw materials.。

The country's producer price index (PPI), which measures costs for goods at the factory gate, went up 13.5 percent year on year in October.。

The figure went up from the 10.7 percent year-on-year increase registered in September. On a monthly basis, China's PPI rose 2.5 percent in October.。

Specifically, the rising prices of international crude oil have driven the prices of domestic oil-related industries, with the PPI for the oil exploitation sector up 7.1 percent from a month ago, said Dong.。

Caused by the tight supply of coal last month, the factory-gate prices for coal mining and washing industry increased 20.1 percent month on month, while that for coal processing industry saw 12.8-percent growth.。

In general, inflation has put limited pressure on the country's monetary policy, but imbalances are mounting in both the domestic and global economic recovery, said Wen Bin, chief analyst at China Minsheng Bank.。

The country should continue its efforts to tackle the supply shortfalls of major energy products and help market entities cope with the rising costs of raw materials, Wen said.。

China's energy crunch is expected to alleviate as the country's multiple measures to boost supply and rein in price hikes have started to take effect.。

The country's coal output has sustained its growth momentum since mid-October. The maximum daily output of coal has hit 11.93 million tonnes, a record high in recent years, said the National Development and Reform Commission, the economic planner.。

Coal for power generators and heating suppliers is guaranteed as mid to long-term coal supply contracts have roughly covered demand, according to the economic planner.。

Increased coal output and inventories at power plants will help drive down the soaring coal prices, the commission said, noting that prices are expected to continue their decline as production and inventories rise further. Enditem。

国家卫健委:昨新增本土确诊45例 其中广西37例均在百色******

2月6日0—24时,31个省(自治区、直辖市)和新疆生产建设兵团报告新增确诊病例79例。其中境外输入病例34例(广东21例,上海8例,北京1例,浙江1例,福建1例,河南1例,广西1例),含4例由无症状感染者转为确诊病例(浙江1例,福建1例,广东1例,广西1例);

本土病例45例(广西37例,均在百色市;广东4例,其中深圳市3例、广州市1例;北京3例,其中朝阳区1例、丰台区1例、西城区1例;天津1例,在河北区),含1例由无症状感染者转为确诊病例(在北京)。

无新增死亡病例。新增疑似病例1例,为境外输入病例(在上海)。

当日新增治愈出院病例94例,解除医学观察的密切接触者2101人,重症病例与前一日持平。

境外输入现有确诊病例681例(其中重症病例1例),现有疑似病例1例。累计确诊病例12748例,累计治愈出院病例12067例,无死亡病例。

截至2月6日24时,据31个省(自治区、直辖市)和新疆生产建设兵团报告,现有确诊病例1495例(其中重症病例6例),累计治愈出院病例100288例,累计死亡病例4636例,累计报告确诊病例106419例,现有疑似病例1例。累计追踪到密切接触者1545664人,尚在医学观察的密切接触者43234人。

31个省(自治区、直辖市)和新疆生产建设兵团报告新增无症状感染者51例,其中境外输入41例,本土10例(黑龙江5例,均在黑河市;广西5例,其中百色市4例、南宁市1例);当日转为确诊病例5例(境外输入4例);当日解除医学观察25例(境外输入20例);尚在医学观察的无症状感染者876例(境外输入764例)。

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48 万元,「无人驾驶」自由******摘要

自动驾驶技术成本下探到了一个合理的范围。

同时与华为和百度两家自动驾驶技术服务商进行深度合作,北汽旗下的极狐汽车可能是车企里的第一家。

前不久刚在上海车展发布新车型阿尔法 S,让华为大展野心的极狐,如今也来和百度定制车辆。只不过二者有一些区别:阿尔法 S 是一辆实实在在,可以拿出来卖的量产车型,与百度的合作则是从共享无人车入手,发布定制版自动驾驶车辆 Apollo Moon。

百度 Apollo 官方将 Apollo Moon 称作「第五代自动驾驶汽车」,除了技术上的迭代,最显眼的成绩是百度首次将改造为自动驾驶之后的整车成本公开——48 万元。从价格方面展开,种种迹象表明,自动驾驶汽车的商业化拐点可能要到来了。

一辆 48 万元的「无人车」

可能有人会对极狐、华为与百度之间的关系感到迷惑,极狐和华为已经建立了合作关系,百度为什么还来掺和?这里需要解释清楚的是,极狐在今年发布的两款车型分别与这两家企业合作:阿尔法 S 与华为,阿尔法 T 和百度 Apollo。

两款车型配置不同、价格不同,与技术服务商合作形式也不太相同。从价格上就能看出来,加入了华为自动驾驶技术能力的阿尔法 S 华为 HI 版,售价 38.89 万元起步;而作为量产车型的阿尔法 T,官网中标明的价格为 24.1-31.9 万元不等。

价格的差异主要来自配置。阿尔法 S 华为 HI 版搭载了 3 颗激光雷达,这也是最早一批在量产车内加入激光雷达的车型之一。在售价 42.99 万元的阿尔法 S 华为 HI 高阶版中,官方宣称可以拥有鸿蒙 OS 智能互联座舱,以及「城区高阶自动驾驶、代客泊车服务能力」等。如果横向比较的话,大概可以类比成为小鹏汽车的自动泊车功能加上高级领航辅助驾驶 NGP 功能。

华为阿尔法 S 华为 HI 版搭载了三颗激光雷达 | 华为

合作形式上也很容易看出来,阿尔法 S 华为 HI 版是华为与极狐几年前就开始合作,深度定制的前装量产车型。Apollo Moon 由于做的是更高级别的「无人驾驶」,会对阿尔法 T 进行部分改造,后装一些传感器与自动驾驶技术,使其能够作为一辆高级别的自动驾驶汽车在路上行驶。

至于成本问题,百度也首次公开了加上整车、自动驾驶套件、传感器等等硬件的总成本,48 万元。根据百度 Apollo 官方给出的超 650km 续航里程等信息,Apollo Moon 使用的车型应该是 26.1 万元的极狐阿尔法 T 653S。如果按照成本计算,可以推测出 Apollo Moon 的后装改造费用与量产车整车成本基本是一致的,甚至可能要比整车成本再高一些。

自动驾驶行业中,从来没有一家公司公开表示过经过改造后的自动驾驶车辆成本,百度 Apollo 算是开了一个先例。当然,这也不排除百度 Apollo 在成本控制上做出的一些努力。

据极客公园(ID:geekpark)了解,此前行业中一辆改装后的自动驾驶车辆成本在百万级别。百度 Apollo 官方宣称,48 万元是行业 L4 级自动驾驶车型平均成本的三分之一,也基本吻合。

从 Apollo Moon 车型上看,百度 Apollo 在车辆四周加装了多颗摄像头,车头处安装了一颗激光雷达,在车顶也加装了一个「脑袋」,包括两颗摄像头、一块显示屏和一颗激光雷达。作为所有自动驾驶传感器中最核心的、也是成本最高的激光雷达,百度 Apollo 是与禾赛科技定制开发的,进一步控制了成本。

Apollo Moon 采用了与禾赛科技定制的激光雷达 | 百度 Apollo

当然,成本的降低和现有车辆技术进步有很大关系。拿激光雷达举例,一位业内人士向极客公园透露,目前激光雷达的成本每 18 个月就可以降低 50%,按照这个规律走下去,激光雷达的大规模量产上车不再是问题。

另外,由于智能化、自动驾驶等功能的需求,汽车内部的电子电气架构也在不断进化,使其更适应于未来技术的实现。极狐阿尔法 T 本身就采用了纯电动的平台架构,支持 5G 网络连接,辅助驾驶方面也搭载了博世的一套传感器,可以很好地配合自动驾驶系统做冗余,百度 Apollo 在进一步改造的时候,自然不需要像相对传统的汽车一样花很大功夫。

自动驾驶商业化拐点

成本的降低对于百度 Apollo 来说是件好事,对于自动驾驶行业来讲,也具备一定意义。

Robotaxi,即自动驾驶出租车,被看作是出行市场的下一个黄金项目。无人化、安全等特性都可能对汽车和出行市场进行一场变革。但大好目标摆在那里,实现的过程却没那么容易。

除了上文提到的成本居高不下,运营效率、体验个性化都是难点所在。「现有的网约车只是实现了出租服务的数字化,极大地提高了交易效率,但是没有改变服务本身。我们在尝试做基础服务标准化的同时,又在想怎么样实现乘客的千人千面,让每一次乘车都有不同的个性化体验。」百度智能驾驶事业群副总裁、首席安全运营官魏东向包括极客公园在内的媒体表示,「我相信智能驾驶是解决方案,通过自动驾驶能够实现极致的标准化服务,通过车车互联实现交通全要素的效率最大化,这是我们所期望实现的。」

魏东在 2021 年 5 月加入百度 Apollo,此前是网约车公司首汽约车的 CEO。他告诉极客公园,来到百度 Apollo 主要负责的是自动驾驶商业化运营。自动驾驶公司向网约车市场商业化进军,这是一个强信号。

魏东分享自动驾驶商业化运营的因素 | 百度 Apollo

在他看来,政策、技术、成本,比较关键的三方面都来到了一个合适的区间,因此长期来看,自动驾驶网约车实现商业化运营落地是完全有可能的事。

魏东算了一笔账,一辆 48 万元的 Apollo Moon,硬件可靠性大概在两万小时出现一次硬件失效,意味着 Apollo Moon 可以确保具有 5 年以上运营周期,摊销的月成本为 8000 元。而在一线城市,单纯的网约车司机成本一个月要近 8000 元;二线城市一辆 B 级商务车的月租金成本在 3000 元左右,网约车司机月成本 5000 元以上,与 Apollo Moon 基本相同,意味着支持无人驾驶的 Apollo Moon 已经具备了在成本上替代现有专车的可能性。

尽管成本只是一方面,自动驾驶真正实现商业化运营,需要的是整个生态的建立,与政策的高度结合,甚至会引发后续一系列产业的变化,非一时能解决。但它也的确下探到了一定的范围之内,具备了商业化的可能,也许是行业的一个新拐点。

理论基础几乎全部完成,剩下的,就是考虑实战了。


责任编辑:靖宇

题图来源:百度 Apollo

本文由极客公园 GeekPark 原创发布,转载请添加极客君(ID:geekparker)

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(CIIE) Feature: Timor Leste explores Chinese market at import expo******

SHANGHAI, Nov. 7 (Xinhua) -- In the huge yet crowded exhibition hall at the fourth China International Import Expo (CIIE), nearly everyone passing the national pavilion of Timor Leste is attracted by the fragrance of coffee and a Baymax-looking coffee-making robot swiftly moving its metallic arms.。

"Timor Leste has the best Kopi Luwak of the world, and it should be matched with the best coffee-making techniques," said Bei Lei, the pavilion's executive curator. It takes the robot around three minutes to brew a cup of coffee, with the whole process remotely controllable.。

The coffee industry is regarded as an economic pillar for Timor Leste, a country with a land area of some 14,800 square km and a population of 1.3 million. Ultra-high standards for bean-picking and processing have made the organic Kopi Luwak a signal product of the country, with annual production limited to about 800 kg.。

Timor Leste has been an active participant in the CIIE since 2018. Over the past four years, the event has helped raise the profile of its Kopi Luwak in China, where a growing share of its 1.4 billion people are becoming coffee lovers. Since last year's Expo, Kopi Luwak, as well as other types of specialty coffee from Timor Leste, won orders worth 5 million U.S. dollars.。

According to Bei, Chinese buyers have "substantially improved the lives of farmers in Timor Leste." The country's farming industry was heavily impacted by COVID-19 and a devastating flood in April. It was the orders from China that offered more coffee-related job opportunities to farmers.。

To express their gratitude, local farmers spent months weaving 100 pieces of Tais cloth, a traditional textile with a symbolic meaning of respect, to present to "the distinguished Chinese customers" at the fourth CIIE, said Bei.。

The busy coffee-making robot at the pavilion wears the colorful Tais on its shoulders. Developed by the Beijing OrionStar Technology Co., Ltd, the robot is capable of bringing out the best flavor of the coffee, while ensuring that every cup tastes the same, said Yang Xinbo, a senior product manager at the company.。

Yang said the CIIE also provides his company with a great platform for display and cooperation, as the robot and the high-quality Kopi Luwak bring out the best of each other. "We are planning to establish long-term business ties and sell the combination to staff canteens and self-service cafes," he added.。

China has been encouraging and assisting the least developed countries to join the CIIE, the world's first national-level dedicated import expo. The exhibiting area of Timor Leste has been expanded from a lonely shelf to two standard booths spanning a total of 18 square meters and is free of site fees.。

This is a preferential policy that applies to all national pavilions of the least developed countries. According to the CIIE Bureau, 90 companies from 33 such countries are participating in this year's Expo, enriching the varieties of exhibits as well as the vibe of cultural diversity.。

Apart from the annual six-day event, Timor Leste also enjoys the year-round spillover effect of the CIIE. The country has set up two pavilions inside the pilot free trade zone in Shanghai and in the city of Hangzhou, allowing for wider and deeper cooperation between the two countries.。

Bei said that the CIIE has become well-known among the people of Timor Leste. "They have truly felt China's openness and its role as a big country through the grand event, and now people look forward to it every year," she added. Enditem。

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